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Geography

Last updated on Friday, September 02, 2016.

Welcome to the Orchard Park Geography Page

Introduction

Geography is an integrative subject that brings a variety of perspectives, both social and physical, to the study of people, places, and environments around the world. Knowing where physical, social, or political events or processes occur helps students gain a spatial perspective on them. Understanding the processes that shape the earth and knowing how life forms interact with the environment allow them to view events from an ecological perspective. Historical and economic perspectives help students understand the relationship between people and their environments, as well as interactions that occur among groups of people. Studying geography, students receive practical guidance for decision making and problem solving in geographic planning, economic development, and environmental and resource management.

As the world’s economies become increasingly interdependent, as pressures on the world’s resources mount, and as concerns about issues such as global warming, urbanization, and population growth escalate, people need to become geographically literate and able to make informed judgements about environmental and social issues. The Grade 9 Geography of Canada course provides students with a foundation in this essential area of learning.

Strands

The following are the five strands into which the Geography of Canada course is organized.

Geographic Foundations: Space and Systems. When geographers study the earth’s surface, they work with spatial measurements such as elevation, distance, area, direction, and scale, as well as with complex ideas such as place, region, distribution, and pattern. Geography also includes the study of physical, economic, cultural, and political systems. By learning about the structure, evolution, and interaction of these systems, students gain insight into the interconnectedness of the physical and human worlds.

Human-Environment Interactions. People are an integral part of the natural environment. The natural environment affects people’s lives in many fundamental ways, and people in turn affect the environment through their policies and activities. A similar relationship exists between people and their urban, cultural, and economic environments. Students need to understand these relationships in order to analyse the human consequences of natural events and the effects of human decisions on the environment.

Global Connections. Geography requires that students assume a global perspective on events and processes in any part of the world. Geographers study the special characteristics of different parts of the world and the connections between them. They consider issues that affect local communities and those that affect the whole world. Since the world’s economies are becoming increasingly interconnected, and the flow of people, products, money, information, and ideas around the world is accelerating, a global perspective is particularly important for today’s students.

Understanding and Managing Change. As the world undergoes continual change, students need many different kinds of knowledge and skills to be successful. Geographers use both local and global perspectives to identify trends, analyse the factors that cause change, and forecast the effects of change in the relationships between the earth’s natural and human systems. These kinds of knowledge and skills are invaluable in problem solving and planning.

Methods of Geographic Inquiry and Communication. Geographers use a wide array of approaches and tools in their work. Some of these, such as fieldwork and computer analysis, are used in various disciplines; others are specific to geographic studies. The latter include mapping, interpretation of aerial photographs, remote sensing, and image analysis using the global positioning system (GPS) and geographic information systems (GIS). The study of geography is especially relevant to contemporary students because, in addition to teaching them to view the world from both spatial and ecological perspectives, it familiarizes them with this broad range of new and traditional techniques and approaches.

EXPERIENCE THE GEOGRAPHY PROGRAM AT OP!

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Name
Ms. K. Lorinczi (Dept. Head)
Mr. M. Lambert
Mr. A. Morreale
Mr. T Cook

If you wish to contact any member of the Geography Department you may call the school at (905) 662-3838 then either try the extension or leave a message on the teachers voice mail by accessing the teacher’s mailbox.

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Grade Course Code Course Name
9 CGC1D1 Academic – Issues in Canadian Geography
9 CGC1P1 Applied – Issues in Canadian Geography
11 CGF3M1 Forces of Nature: Physical Processes and Disasters
11 CGG3O1 Travel And Tourism: A Geographic Perspective
12 CGR4E1 Living in a Sustainable World
CGR4M The Environment and Resource Management
CGU4M World Geography: Urban Patterns and Population Issues
12 CGU4UI World Issues: A Geographic Analysis

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Grade: 9
Course Code: Academic CGC1D
Course Name: Issues in Canadian Geography                                                                                                                                                      
Description:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              This course examines interrelationships within and between Canada’s natural and human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of the world.  Students will explore environmental, economic, and social georgraphic issues relating to topics such as transportation options, energy choices, andurban development.  Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada a more sustainable place to live. 

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Grade: 9
Course Code:  Applied CGC1P
Course Name: Issues in Canadian Geography
Description:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             This course focuses on current geograpic issues that affect Canadians.  Students will draw on their personal and everyday experiences as they explore a range of issues, including food and water supplies, competing land uses, and interactions with the natural environment, developing their awareness that issues that affect their lives are interconnected with issues in other parts of the world.  Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial tecnologies, to investigate choices related to sustainable living in Canada.

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Grade: 11
Course Code: University/College Preparation CGF3M1
Course Name: 
Physical Geography: Patterns and Interactions
Description:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
This course examines Earth’s physical patterns and processes and how they create natural disasters and can contribute to human disasters and can contribute to human disasters.  Students will explore how physical processes related to Earth’s water, land, and air, as well as interactions between these systems, can affect the planet and its people.  Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate Earth’s natural processes, to make predictions related to natural disasters, and to create plans to prepare for and/or respond to them. 

Prerequisite: CGC1D1 or CGC1P1

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Grade: 11
Course Code: Open CGG3O                                                                                                                                                                                                      
Name: Travel And Tourism
Description: This course focuses on issues related to travel and tourism to within and between various regions of the world.  Students will investigate unique environmental, sociocultural, economic, and political characteristics of selected world regions.  They will explore travel patterns and trends as apply the concepts of gerographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial tecnologies, to investigate the impact of the travel industry on natural environments and human communities.

Prerequisite: CGC1D1 or CGC1P1

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Grade: 12
Course Code: Workplace Preparation CGR4E
Course Name: Living in a Sustainable World                                                                                                                                                      
Description:
This course examines the impact of human activity on the natural environment.  Students will explore the use of natural spaces and resources and how planning decisions and consumer choices affect natural systems.  Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate practical solutions to environmental issues, enabling them to make more sustainable decisions at home and in the workplace.

Prerequisite: CGC1P1 or CGC1D1

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Grade: 12
Course Code: University/College Preparation CGR4M
Course Name: The Environment And Resource Management
Description:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             This course explores interactions between the natural and human environment, with a particular focus on the impact of human activity on various ecosystems.  Students will explore resource management and sustainability practices, as well as related government policy and international protocols.  Applying the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, students will investigate the relationship between people and the natural environment and will propose approaches for developing more sustainable relationships, including environementally responsible actions that support stewardship.

Prerequisite: ANY U, C or M preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

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Grade: 12
Course Code: CGU4M
Course Name: University/College Preparation, World Geography: Urban Patterns And Interactions, College
Description:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             This course explores global population distribution, why people live where they do, and variations in their quality of life.  Students will examine current population patterns and trends related to urbanization and their impact on human and natural systems. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate issues related to urban life and will poropose courses of action aimed at enhancing the sustainability of cities around the world.

 Prerequisite: ANY U, C or M preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

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Grade: 12
Course Code: University Preparation, CGW4U
Course Name: World Issues: A Geographic Analysis                                                                                                                                      
Description:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             This course looks at the global challenge of creating a more sustainable and equitable world.  Students will explore a range of issues involving environmental, economic, social, and geopolitical interrelationships, and will examine govermental policies related to these issues.  Students will apply the concepts of geogrpahic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate these complex issues, including their impact on natural and human communities around the world.

Prerequisite: ANY U or U/C preparations course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

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KNOW WHERE YOU ARE GOING…TAKE GEOGRAPHY!

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